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PLS 352

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Indonesian Glossary



PLS 352 
Government and Politics of Asia
Saint Martin’s University
Course Syllabus

Dr. Richard L. Langill Fall, 2011
email: Office: Old Main 333
Office Hrs: MWF 8-9 and 10-11am TR 11-12 B
Office Hrs also by appointment  


The purpose of this course is to introduce students to the government and politics of China, Japan, and Indonesia.  The course will briefly examine the historical background that has shaped these countries.  It will analyze the influence of imperialism, reform, modernization and revolution in China and Japan and the impact of Dutch colonialism and the Japanese occupation on the independence movement in Indonesia.  The course will trace the rise of the Chinese Communist Party and rise of the military in Japan in the 1930’s.  We will examine the influence of political culture and political values on the functioning of these systems.  We will also discuss the nature of political structures of China, Japan and Indonesia, the role of the Communist Party in China, and the transformation of Chinese politics since the rise of Deng Xiaoping.  Finally, we will examine the functioning of party and state institutions in China, the functioning of political parties and elections in Japan and Indonesia, and the role of the military on Indonesian political life.

An understanding the processes of political change is crucial to an examination of these political system.  In this regard, we will examine the Cultural Revolution in China, the historic dominance of the Liberal Democratic Party in Japan and the emergence of the Democratic Party of Japan, and the impact of the GESTAPU (the September 30th Movement) and the Reformasi Movement in Indonesia.   The course will explain the process of economic development and modernization in these countries with particular attention devoted to an explanation of economic reform in China under Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao, the post-war Japanese economic miracle and its decline over the last decade and the rise and fall of the Indonesian economic miracle in the recent past.

The course will conclude by examining a range of social and demographic problems in these countries.  It will attempt to explain the foreign policy orientation of China with particular emphasis on the integration of Hong Kong and Macau into the Chinese political system, China’s relationship with Taiwan and Tibet, and China’s relationship with the US, USSR and the rest of Asia.  The US-Japanese Security Treaty, problems of US-Japanese foreign trade, and other issues will be explored.  The fundamentals of Indonesia’s foreign relations with the US, China, and Southeast Asia will also be covered.


This course will be primarily a lecture course with discussion strongly encouraged. The instructor expects students to keep up with the reading so they will be able to participate more actively in these discussions. the textbook will be supplemented by recent academic articles that are required. (These articles are on reserve in the O Grady Library.)The instructor will use a variety of AV tapes to highlight various aspects of this course. The AV tapes are an integral part of the course, not entertainment. Students should be prepared to take notes on these topics.


There will be FOUR EXAMINATIONS required of all students in this course. Each examination will count 20% of you total grade. Class participation and class discussion will count for the remaining 20% of the final grade.

First Exam  =100 points (20%) A= 500-450
Second Exam   =100 points (20%) B= 450-400
Third Exam  =100 points (20%) C= 400-350
Final Exam  =100 points (20%) D= 350-30
Class Discussion  =100 points (20%) F= 300-250
     500 points  


The examination for this course will consist of broad essay questions drawn from the lectures and textbooks. A study guide for each examination will be provided by the instructor to help focus your study. Students will also be expected to answer short identification questions focusing on the major personalities, historical events, and concepts of the course.


I consider attendance to be an important part of this course. Excessive absences will be penalized. Students who miss more than 3 classes for any reason will be penalized one letter grade.


If you need course adaptations or accommodations because of a disability, if you have medical or safety concerns to share with me, or if you need special arrangements in case the building must be evacuated, please talk with me as soon as possible.


The main textbook for the course is a modular book with separate material written by three authors listed below.  In addition there is Reserve Reading available at the library that is required.  These are on CD at the Reserve Desk

 (MB)  Marc Blecher.  "China: From State Socialist to Capitalist Iconoclast," in W. Phillips Shively.  Comparative Politics. McGraw Hill Custom Textbook, 2010.

(EK)  Ellis S. Krauss.  "Japan- the Politics of Change," in W. Phillips Shively.  Comparative Politics. McGraw Hill Custom Textbook, 2010.

(RWL) R. William Little. Indonesia, A Muslim-Majority  Democracy," in W. Phillips Shively.  Comparative Politics. McGraw Hill Custom Textbook, 2010.

9/3  Introduction (1)
  I.  People’s Republic of China
9/5 Confucian Tradition and Decline of  Qing Dynasty (1)
  (MB)  Pgs 4-10
   Legacy of the Past
9/5-10 Rise of the CCP and Chinese Revolution (1)
   (MB)  Pgs 10-31
  Rise of the CCP outline
9/10 Maoist China- The Early Years 1949-65 (1)
  (MB)  Pgs  10-20
  Maoist China- the Early Years Outline
9/12 Maoist China- Cultural Revolution- 1965-68 (1)
  (MB)  Pgs  20-31
  Maoist China- Cultural Revolution Outline
  The Cultural Revolution
9/17 Movie:  Cultural Revolution
9/19 Political Culture of China   (1)
  (MB)  Pgs 31-58
  Political Culture of China Outline
9/19 Political Thought of Mao Zedong (1)
  Political Thought of Mao Zedong Outline
9/24 Political Structures in China   (2)
  (MB)  Pgs 59-64
Reserve Reading: "Tale of Two Chinas"
Political Institutions in China Outline
  CCP Organization
PRC Governmental Structure
9/26 First Examination
10/1 Democracy, Political Reform and Tiananmen  Sq (1)
  Democracy, Reform and Tiananmen Outline
10/3 Movie: Gate of Heavenly Peace (1)
  Gate of Heavenly Peace Transcript PBS
10/8 Economic Reform in Post-Mao China  (1)
   (MB)  Pgs. 64-77
  Reserve Reading: "The Dark Side of China's Rise"
  Reserve Reading:  "China" Harry Harding
  Reserve Reading: "The World's Sweatshops" NYT
  Economic Reform in Post-Mao China Outline
10/10 Contemporary Issues- Health, Demography and
  Environmental  Issues
  Reserve Reading: "A Country on the Move- China Urbanizes
  Contemporary Issues Outline
10/10 Foreign Policy Issues   (1)
  Foreign Policy Outline
10/12 Second Examination
  II.  Japan
10/17 Historical Background and Occupation Reforms (2)
  (EK) Pgs 82-91
  Historical Background and Occupation Reforms out
10/22 Political Culture of Japan  (1) 
  (EK) Pgs. 93-99
  Political Culture of Japan Outline
10/22-24 Japanese Political Structures (2)
  Japanese Imperial Institution Outline
  Japanese Political Institutions Outline
10/29 Political Parties, Elections, and Political Reform  (2)
  (EK) Pgs. 99-119
  Political Parties and Elections Outline
10/31 Economic Policy Issues (1)
  (EK) Pgs. 133-147
  Economic Policy Issues Outline
11/5 Japanese Foreign Policy (1)
  Reserve Reading: "In Japan New Nationalism Takes Hold"
  Reserve Reading: "Japan in Transition."
Japanese Foreign Policy Outline
11/7 Third Examination
  III.  Indonesia
11/12 Indonesia: An Introduction  (1)
  Indonesia: An Introduction Outline
11/12-14 Liberal Democracy and Guided Democracy (2)
   (RWL)  Pgs. 154-161
  Liberal Democracy and Guided Democracy Outline
11/19 The September 30th Movement (GESTAPU) (1)
  The September 30th Movement Outline
11/21 Political Structures and Elections (1)
 (RWL)  Pgs. 161-205
  Reserve Reading:  Indonesia in 2004: Rise of SBY"
  Political Structures and Elections Outline
11/26 Military and the New Order (1)
  Reserve Reading:" Indonesia's Reform Era Faces A Test."
  Military and the New Order Outline

Rise and Fall of the Indonesian Economy
11/26  (RWL)  Pgs. 205-215
  Rise and Fall of the Indonesian Economy Outline
12/3 Contemporary Political Issues (1)
   (RWL)  Pgs. 215-217
  Reserve Reading:  "Indonesia in 2009"
  Con temporary Political Issues Outline
  Final Examination  As Scheduled