2004  “Tribal Communism Under Fire: Archie Phinney and the FBI” Journal of Northwest Anthropology (Special Issue: Remembering Archie Phinney, A Nes Perce Scholar) 38(1):21-32.  


Archie Phinney’s exposure to anthropological notions of native socialism and his years in the Soviet Union led him to advocate for a radical “enterprise leasing” system that would have transformed reservations to more collectivist systems.  FBI records released under the Freedom of Information Act indicate that Phinney was monitored and undermined by the FBI in ways similar to the COINTELPRO campaigns launched against American Indian Movement activists decades later.