2003 "Subtle Means and Enticing Carrots: The Impact of Funding on American Cold War Anthropology" Critique of Anthropology 23(4):373-401.




Economic and academic support for American anthropologists during the Cold War is examined in light of what is known about military and intelligence interests during this period.  Some of the questions asked and regions studied by anthropologists were shaped by the limited availability of Area Center funds, public and private foundations’ grants, development projects, and other funding opportunities.  The CIA’s covert involvement in the Human Ecology Fund, and the Cold War backdrop of the Modjokuto Project are examined to highlight the influence of the America’s hegemonic in the development of mid-Century anthropology.


Keywords: Area Study Centers; Central Intelligence Agency; History of Anthropology; Cold War Anthropology